Boskalis Annual Report 2020

133 133

The average rate of the USD forward contracts as per 31 December 2020 is USD 1.209 (31 December 2019: USD 1.142).

The Board of Management has established a currency risk management policy stipulating, amongst other things, approved currency risk management instruments, based on items such as the amount of expected foreign currency cash flows and the period of these cash flows related to Group currency risk thresholds. In the event of changes to a project timeline and related foreign currency cash flows, the Group evaluates the circumstances to ensure compliance with its risk management objectives and assesses whether a rollover of its position or an adjustment to the hedge is applicable. The economic relationship between the hedged risk and the assigned derivative is determined by their critical terms. In general the Group uses the same underlying volume and currency of the hedged risk for the derivative, which results in a 1:1 hedge ratio. Limited ineffectiveness occurs in these hedge relationships due to changes in the timing of the hedged transactions. The remaining time to maturity of these derivatives is directly linked to the remaining time to duration of the related underlying contracts in the order book.

Cash flows from forward currency buying and selling can be rolled forward at the settlement date if they differ from the underlying cash flows.

The results on cash flow hedges recognized in Group equity are as follows:



Hedging reserve as at 1 January

- 11,192

- 521

Movement in fair value of cash flow hedges recognized in Group equity

- 1,437

- 9,888

Recycled to the Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss (raw materials, consumables, services and subcontracted work) Total directly recognized in Group Equity (Consolidated Statement of Other Comprehensive Income, in the item Movement in fair value of cash flows hedges)



3,748 - 531 3,217

- 7,091


- 103

Directly charged to hedging reserve (net of taxes)

- 7,194

Change in fair value of cash flow hedges from joint ventures and associates, after taxation

- 11,501 18,955

- 3,762

Reclassification of hedge reserve to Statement of Profit or Loss



- 3,762

Balance of hedging reserve as at 31 December

- 521

- 11,477

Any spot elements of the hedges that are separated from the forward element and basic spread elements are included separately in the hedging reserve. At 31 December 2020 the cost of hedging was EUR 2.3 million positive (2019: EUR 5.4 million negative). During 2020, a decrease of EUR 5.3 million transcends a release of EUR 2.4 million (2019: EUR 12.0 million and a release of EUR 0.3 million respectively). The results on non-effective cash flow hedges are presented within the costs of raw materials, consumables, services and subcontracted work and amount to EUR 0.2 million positive in 2020 (2019: EUR 0.4 million positive).

The changes in fair values used to assess the effectiveness of the hedge relationships are as follows:


Hedged risk






1,271 1,212

- 2,740


- 7,980

Other, including fuel hedges

- 354

- 4,149


Netting of financial instruments The Group does not net financial instruments in its statement of financial position.


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